Its impact can be understood in terms of three major areas: 1) It offered a new set of values for approaching an understanding of human nature and the human condition.2) It offered an expanded horizon of methods of inquiry in the study of human behavior.3) It offered a broader range of more effective methods in the professional practice of psychotherapy.
The humanistic approach emphasizes the personal worth of the individual, the centrality of human values, and the creative, active nature of human beings.
Humanism views human beings as fundamentally different from other animals, mainly because humans are conscious beings capable of thought, reason and language.
For humanistic psychologists’ research on animals, such as rats, pigeons, or monkeys held little value.
However, Rogers and Maslow both describe different ways of how self-actualization can be achieved.
Humanistic psychologists argue that objective reality is less important than a person's subjective perception and understanding of the world.
Humanistic psychology expanded its influence throughout the 1970s and the 1980s.
The approach also helped to provide a more holistic view of human behavior, in contrast to the reductionist position of science.
Our work focuses on those rights that are threatened, abused or undermined by harmful traditional, cultural and religious practices.
For Rogers the focus of psychology is not behavior (Skinner), the unconscious (Freud), thinking (Wundt) or the human brain but how individuals perceive and interpret events.
Rogers is therefore important because he redirected psychology towards the study of the self.